Having never even considered this before, I now feel very strongly about the ‘invisible ceiling’ on ethnic products within a supermarket. David Chang, a world renowned chef speaks out, declaring that the ethnic aisle is “the last bastion of racism that you can see in full daylight in retail America”…


NHS Paediatric Nursing Project

Taking part in the NHS Paediatric Nursing Project required me to shadow a community nurse for a day, identifying opportunities for design. The daily working life of NHS nurses is exhausting and demands constant hard work, requiring them to be fully equipped for a number of life threatening situations. While…


Hostile Architecture in Urban Design

Hostile Architecture is an example of design which is created to prevent a certain space or area from being used in anyway other than it’s intended purpose. Hidden amongst everyday life, we do not always recognise it, but once you have become aware of ‘Hostile Design’ and as some would…


It is more of an attitude than anything else, a position rather than a method.

As suggested by Dunne and Raby, Critical designs are created to make the consumer question the products role within society and to spark preconceptions. It is made to spark discussions within society and to make…


The maker Movement emerged in Britain in the late 19th century and was led by artists who wanted to provide new and different products from those being produced by the large British factories. It consists of an expanding community with a “DIY mindset and a strong sense of community” (ASEE…


“It is clear that Hugo F Boss did not only join the party because it led to contracts for uniform production, but also because he was a follower of National Socialism,” Roman Koester, an economic historian at the Bundeswehr (English: Federal Defence Force) University in Munich.

Design is used for…


Countercultures challenge the norm and usually have strong, opposing ideas and attitudes towards the current trends. They never last a long length of time, either burning out or becoming the norm as people catch onto their ideas. Countercultures attract some of the most ‘creative and innovative thinkers’, mobilising the youth…


Post Modernism is a development of and reaction to the result of Modernism, thought of being the most controversial movement. The main principles of Post Modernism were contradiction and complexity, with designers producing an ‘aesthetic of urban apocalypse’. The aim was to out do the Modernists and produce more colourful, brighter and more imaginative designs, but over the years it has been described as everything from ugly to superficial. The Super Lamp is made of fiberglass and part of the Memphis group and was exhibited in one of the groups first displays. The bright colours and interesting shape drew alot of attention, challenging the seriousness of the design world . The lamp is classed as Postmodernism as it drags away from the normal and expected lamp design.


Consumerism impacts us every minute of every day. We are targeted through manipulative advertising, using psychological tricks to manipulate us into thinking tht we need certain products to make us happy. The majority of us think that buying new clothes and goods will make us happy, but in reality it…


“Solutions which meet the needs of today without compromising the ability of future generations to fulfil their own needs” Thomas Sandell, Designer and Architect

As a nation, I feel that not enough of us understand or know the impact that we have on the world. The way a product is…

Lucy Laughland

Graphic design student at Napier University, Year One

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